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Periodontics focuses on maintaining your natural teeth for as long as possible by curtailing the progression of gingival disease and reinforcing weakened structures. In addition to screening for, diagnosing and treating gum disease, periodontics also examines dental implant placement.

Symptoms of gum disease

In its early stages, gum disease is asymptomatic and develops slowly. Some of the warning signs of periodontitis include bleeding gums, persistent bad breath and red, swollen tissues.

As the disease gets worse, the periodontium’s health becomes compromised. If undiagnosed and left untreated, periodontitis can affect the ability to chew and teeth may loosen or even fall out.

Advanced gum disease can have serious repercussions on your overall health.

Preventing gum disease

Regular dental check-ups

During a regular dental check-up, the dentist will check for any weak spots between the teeth and gums using a periodontal probe. If any are detected, a periodontal examination will confirm the diagnosis so that a personalized treatment plan can be prepared.

Easy ways to prevent gum disease include good oral hygiene and a balanced diet.

Treating gum disease

At its onset, a professional cleaning, careful brushing and the use of dental floss are enough to heal the gums.

But once the disease has progressed, other options need to be considered, such as scaling, root planing or periodontal curettage.